Category: Windows NT4 / WinNT4

Description of soft and hard page faults

Description of how Windows optimizes the virtual memory to minimize the need for hard pagefaults.

Improve latency for TCP by not waiting for Push flag

Description of how the Push Flag in the TCP Header can optimize network buffer usage, but can increase latency.

Use process affinity to lock application to a single core

Applications optimized to run on single CPU systems, will perform worse on multi CPU systems.

Disable the MSDOS and Win16 subsystem

For security measures then one should consider disabling the ability to launch the 16 bit subsystem.

No boot device found or available

Computer cannot start if no proper boot device exists, or if the active boot device fails.

Adding FTP server / WebDAV folder as a network place

Use Windows Explorer to browse a remote internet server by adding it as a network place.

Mapping FTP server as a network drive letter

Utilities for mounting a FTP folder as a mapped netwok drive.

Changing the font of the command prompt

How to use a different font in the command prompt than Lucida Console and Raster Fonts.

Mount Ext2 / Ext3 linux partitions inside Windows

Access Linux Ext2 / Ext3 partitions inside Microsoft Windows.

Description of the hard disk cache

The hard disk performance is very dependent on the configuration of the disk cache.

Extend the Windows Explorer context menu with Copy Path

Make it easier to copy the location of a file to the clipboard.

Open Command Prompt during the install phase

It is possible to open a command prompt during the GUI part of the Windows install.

Debugging Tools

Microsoft Windbg makes it possible to diagnose what caused a BSOD, so one can replace the device that caused it.

Restore boot manager when NTLDR is missing

Windows NT will fail to boot if it cannot find the files used to load the boot manager.

Description of the kernel memory area in Windows NT

How the kernel memory area is divided into the different page pools.

USB driver for Windows NT4

Open access to USB devices in Windows NT4 by installing these USB drivers.

Use environment variables for user input in Windows NT

Allow user interaction in command prompt scripts using environment variables.

Create shortcut to "Run..." in the Start Menu

The Run... option in the Start Menu can be launched using a shortcut.

Extract files from a MSI package

The Microsoft Installer (MSI) Package file is a compressed archive, which can be decompressed.

Recover deleted NTFS/FAT32 partition

When deleting a partition then only the boot sector is modified, so by restoring the boot sector, then one will restore the partition.

BgInfo

Utility that can generate a wallpaper, which includes the computer system details.

Utilities to configure file associations in Windows Explorer

Utilities that makes it easier to modify the Windows Explorer context menu for the different filetypes.

No more than 10 concurrent connections to a remote computer

Windows Professional / Home edition includes limitation for not handling more than 10 SMB connections.

Preinstalled Environment for emergency recovery

Create a cd-rom-, dvd- or usb-drive which Windows can boot from.

Configure opportunistic locking for files on network shares

Opportunistic locking delivers good network performance but older implementations can lead to data loss.

Configure automatic handling of network file sharing violations

Sharing violations on files placed on network shares are retried while they block immediately with local files.

Replace Microsoft JVM with Sun Java Runtime

Microsoft Java Virtual Machine (JVM) contains security flaws and should be uninstalled and replaced with the Sun Java Runtime.

Microsoft Scriptomatic

Scriptomatic makes it easy to extract system information through WMI using scripting.

Pseudo slipstream in Windows NT4

Windows NT4 does not support slip streaming, but it is possible to make a few changes.

Reinstall printer drivers in Windows NT

Changing printer drivers in Windows NT can cause problems, and can require that the old drivers are remove manually first.

Configure host name resolution order in Windows NT

Configure the priority of how it should lookup the physical network address of a computer.

Description of host name resolution order

Description of the different ways Windows can convert a logical network name to a physical address.

Configure the Task Scheduler Log

How to configure the location and size of the task scheduler log with all its events.

Using Last Known Good Configuration

The Last Known Good Configuration makes it possible to rollback to the previous good state of the system registry hive.

Configure I/O requests for SCSI devices

How to increase the allowed amount of concurrent I/O request for a disk controller.

Configure the max limit for concurrent TCP connections

Windows is configured by default to handle 1000 to 2000 concurrent tcpip connections.

Program startup order in Windows NT

Description of where and in what order programs are loaded at startup.

Windows Command Prompt Reference

The command prompt can be used to configure almost anything, and be used to create advanced batch jobs for trivial tasks.

Using the registry editor to change the service state

How to use the registry editor to configure the state of the Windows services.

Configure the priority of protocols bound to the network

Change which network protocol to use first when looking for a resource on the network.

Configure the priority of networks known by the MUP

Change which network redirector to use first when looking for a resource on the network.

Configure drive letter for the CD-ROM Drive

Assign specific drive letters for removable drives.

Configure the Recovery Log on stressed NTFS Volumes

How to change the size of the NTFS transaction log to handle peak loads.

Diagnose performance issues with network hardware

Description of different causes and solutions to network problems.

Description of Windows service wrappers

Description of how Windows services are hosted within the same process.

The TCPIP nagle algorithm can slow down network

Description of the nagle algorithm effects on the network throughput, and how to configure the delayed ACK.

Configure password encryption level in Windows NT

How to configure the password encryption level for better security.

Description of password encryption in the Microsoft Network

The different password encryption algorithms available in the Microsoft Network.

Description of SMB signing in the Microsoft Network

How the security features in SMB signing can protect the network.

Change OEM branding of System Properties

System Properties can be modified to display company name or company pictures.

Fix blue screen of death with INACCESSIBLE_BOOT_DEVICE

Description of the different situations where Windows NT can fail to boot because it no longer can find the boot device.

Extend Folder Options to include your own tweaks

Folder Options can be extended to easily configure other settings in Windows.

Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer

Utility for analyzing the computer configuration and alerts if any security issues are detected.

Microsoft L2TP/IPSec VPN Client

VPN client to create a secure network connection to any server supporting L2TP/IPsec connections.

Configure the Windows taskbar

Changing the behavior and visual appearance of the task bar.

Rebuild icon cache to fix incorrectly displayed icons

The icon cache can become corrupted and lead to icons being garbled.

Manually remove programs from the Add/Remove list

How to manually uninstall an application and remove it from the Add/Remove list.

Turn off the beeping from the PC Speaker

Disable the beep from the PC speaker when Windows performs an alert.

Configure SMB use of Netbios

How to configure which port number to use for Netbios communcations.

Windows Explorer file copy replacement

Enhance the file copy abilities of Windows Explorer

Install Active Desktop in Windows 95 / NT4

Installing Active Desktop without needing to install Internet Explorer 4 first.

Run commands automatically at command prompt start

Execute commands when opening the command prompt to configure the command prompt or the environment.

Change look of the command prompt in Windows NT

Description of how to extend the default command prompt to include more information than just the current directory.

Retrieve a lost CD-Key from the registry

Where to find the cd-key for the current Windows install.

Configuring environment variables in Windows NT

Description of the different types of environment variables in the Windows NT system.

Load registry hive for offline registry editing

The registry editor is capable of editing an offline registry hive.

Description of Master Browser in the Microsoft Network

The use of the master browser in the microsoft network, and how it is elected.

Reveal password hidden under asterisks

Utilities to recover lost passwords, which are only shown as asterisks.

File and Partition Recovery

Recover deleted or damaged files (and partitions) with undelete / unerase utilities.

Configure Autorun for different drives using policies

How to configure autorun for the different drive types.

Install an application as a Windows service

Running an application as a service allows the application to run without a user needing to login.

Configure the taskbar Start Menu

Changing the behavior and visual appearance of the Start Menu.

Convert FAT16 and FAT32 partition to NTFS

Description of the different issues that can arise when converting from FAT16 and FAT32 partitions to NTFS.

Extracting the cd key from the registry

Utilities for extracting the the cd-key from the registry database.

Microsoft IIS Lockdown Tool

IIS Lockdown is an utility by Microsoft for setting up Internet Information Server in a secure way.

Customize the default registered identity

How to change the name and company registered as owner of the Windows installation.

Configure Mouse Acceleration

Mouse is accelerated when moved in a single movement to make the Windows nagivation easier.

Configure the winsock default send- and receive-buffer size

Most Windows applications uses Winsock to perform TCPIP communication, and many of these applications uses the default send- and receive-buffer size, which by default isn't adapted to the available network connection.

Configure SMB signing in Windows NT

How to increase the security of the Microsoft network by enabling SMB signing.

Checkpoints for fixing a bad or corrupt BIOS flash

Description of different alternative ways for recovering from a bad BIOS flash.

Checkpoints for fixing no BIOS POST

Steps for fixing a computer which cannot perform BIOS POST.

Checkpoints for fixing hardware conflicts

Steps for finding what hardware devices that is causing problems.

Pro and cons for using multiple disk partitions

Describes the benefits and the costs of using multiple partitions.

Configure TCPIP settings for better performance

Increase the speed of the network connection by changing the TCP/IP settings.

Setting up Internet Connection Sharing

How to configure Internet Connection Sharing to configure a gateway to the Internet for other computers.

Include 3rd party controller drivers using unattended install

Avoid having to use a floppy disk when installing Windows NT on a machine with unsupported disk controller.

Creating a Local Area Network (LAN)

Setting up a computer network, and steps for troubleshooting errors in the computer network.

Finding the optimal TCPIP receive window size

Using PING to test the network connection and calculating the best TCP/IP receive window.

Remote Desktop Client

Remote Desktop Client can take control of a remote computer running Microsoft Windows.

WMV & WMA Codecs for Windows Media Player

Windows Media Video (WMV) and Windows Media Audio (WMA) codecs for Media Player 6.4 and 7.1

Prevent the creation of the administrator shares

Windows creates by default a network shares for each drive letter, which is used for administrative tasks.

Configure the picture used as background wallpaper

Configuring how the wallpaper should be displayed using registry settings.

Change path of where Windows looks for wallpapers

Change the default wallpaper folder used when changing the wallpaper in Windows.

Convert from Windows Workstation to Server Edition

Utilities that can change the configuration of a Windows installation so it becomes a server edition.

Configure the My Computer security zone

Display the My Computer security zone along with the other security zones for configuration.

Configure shortcut link tracking

Control what should happen when a shortcut is detected as being broken.

Change keyboard codepage

How to change the codepage for the command prompt.

Open Command Prompt Here

Extend the right-click context-menu of a folder to open a command prompt.

Netbrute monitors the network for available file shares

NetBrute by Raw Logic Software can scan the network and display computers which announce themselves on the network.

Restrict access to the registry over the network

Manage what accounts that have remote access to the registry.

Restrict users from replacing a system DLL

Protect against DLL injections to avoid performing malicous code.

Using router metric to specify primary gateway

Description of how router metric works, and how to use it to prioritise gateways and perform simple load balancing.

Configure the timeout used when stopping / starting services

Change how long time to wait before a service is considered not responding and should be shut down.

Using function keys to enhance the command prompt

The command prompt allows one to use shortcut keys for easier navigation.

Updating the Windows NT boot manager

Windows XP boot manager is faster and can be used on Windows 2000.

Windows virtual desktop management utilities

Virtual Desktop Manager utilities can give even more room on the Windows desktop.

Windows Shell Replacement

Alternative window shells that to change the desktop experience.

Make icon text background transparent

Fix the background color for the icon text, so it doesn't ruin your favorite desktop wallpaper.

Diagnose performance issues with IDE ATA hard disk

Description of different causes and solutions to hard disk performance problems.

Configure master browser election in Windows NT

How to configure the way Microsoft Windows participates in the master browser election.

Configure zip and cab files as compressed folders

Open zip and cab files in Windows Explorer like they were normal directory with files.

Configure Windows NT boot manager for dual-boot

Dual booting several versions of Windows can be useful if running software which is locked to certain version of Windows.

BootPart to add several boot partitions to boot.ini

Bootpart makes it easy to create the perfect multi-boot setup using the Windows NT boot manager.

Control disk check at boot after incorrect shutdown

Windows NT will perform a chkdsk at boot time after an improper shutdown.

DOS emulation in Windows NT

DOS box extensions for Windows NT to play the old DOS games one love so dearly.

Fix a non-working Windows Update

Possible steps for repairing Windows Update

Configure the keyboard mapping using scancode map

How to use the scancode map to modify the keyboard layout and disable the Windows-key.

Use HOSTS file to ban ads and speedup DNS lookups

How the HOSTS file can be used to customize the host name resolution.

Specify base priority when launching programs

Decide the CPU priority when starting an application.

Use several Explorer.exe processes to increase stability

Prevent that all Windows Explorer instances crashes just because one gets a fatal error.

Change processor quantums to tweak application priority

Configure how the process scheduler should split up the processor slots.

Boot Manager

A boot manager can help with running multiple operating systems on the same machine.

Extend context menu with Move To and Copy To options

Add "Copy To Folder..." and "Move To Folder..." when right-clicking a file.

Display the Windows version on the desktop

When BETA testing Windows versions then it can be rather useful to easily see the build version on the desktop.

Hide computer from the other computers on the network

How to configure the computer not to announce itself on the Microsoft Network.

Change location of the print spooler directory

When printing a document, then the document is spooled into a temporary directory and then sent to the printer.

File and directory completion with keyboard shortcut

How to assign keyboard shortcut to file and directory completion in command prompt.

Optimizing the file sharing network to handle more traffic

Prepare the file servers to handle a higher loads and allow the clients to make more requests.

Configure Autorun for the CD-ROM drives

Configure whether to automatically launch application when inserting a CD or DVD disk.

Creating the Show Desktop shortcut

The Show Desktop shortcut in the quick launch bar can be restored if deleted.

Configure the file server request buffer size

Increasing the request buffer size can improve file sharing performance on high latency networks.

Configure TCPIP stack settings in Windows NT

Description of the registry keys used for configuring the TCP/IP stack in Windows NT.

Configure when to report low on disk space in the Event Log

Change the treshold of when to report that a disk is near its capacity.

UpTime utility for displaying the time since the last reboot

Uptime is a command line utility by Microsoft for displaying the time since the last reboot.

QChain to install several hotfixes without restarting

QChain is created by Microsoft and allows several hotfixes to be chained together in a single install.

Reload the registry by restarting Explorer.exe

How one can reload the HKEY_CURRENT_USER registry hive without needing a restart.

Lock down the network connection

There are several security issues one should take care of when having a network connection.

Change the color of the command prompt

How to change the text color and background color in the command prompt.

Finding the optimal TCPIP max transfer unit size

Using PING to test the network connection and finding the best TCP/IP max transfer unit (MTU).

MSDOS subsystem and Autoexec.nt / Config.nt

How to configure the MS-DOS subsystem using Autoexec.nt and Config.nt.

Changing PS/2 mouse refresh rate

Improve the precision and smoothness of your ps/2 device by increasing the sample rate.

Creating file shares that are hidden

Hiding a file-share by changing the name.

Using file compare to see changes made to the registry

How to see the registry changes of a certain action by using the file compare utility.

Modify the Windows registry with registry files

How to add and remove registry entries from the Windows registry using .reg files

Create keyboard shortcut to quickly launch a program

How to configure a keyboard shortcut as a hotkey to quickly start an application.

Unplug hardware if Windows fails to install properly

Troubleshooting what is causing Windows not to install properly.

Microsoft Office graphics filters for Mspaint

Microsoft Office graphic filters allows programs like Mspaint to work with formats like jpeg and gif.

Make screendump of the desktop using Print Screen

How to use the keyboard key "Print Screen" to make a screen dump.

Microsoft Regclean

Registry cleaner to remove entries from the registry.

Faster boot times by using static IP instead of DHCP

Description of how to configure a computer network without a DHCP server.

Restrict access to the files stored on NTFS partitions

Using access control lists to improve the security for NTFS partitions.

Bypass the loading of programs at Windows startup

Holding down the SHIFT key during Windows startup will stop applications from loading.

Configure Max Transfer Unit (MTU) size for the TCPIP stack

Changing the Max Transfer Unit (MTU) to avoid packet fragmentation and loss of VPN connection.

Microsoft Tweak UI

Microsoft powertoy for changing hidden settings in Microsoft Windows.

Create special folders where you want them

Shortcuts can be created to most of the special folders available in Windows Explorer.

Windows Time

Description and recommended settings for the Windows Time service.

Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)

Description and recommended settings for the Uninterruptible Power Supply service.

Telephony

Description and recommended settings for the Telephony service.

TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper Service

Description and recommended settings for the TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper service.

System Event Notification

Description and recommended settings for the System Event Notification service (SENS).

Server

Description and recommended settings for the Server service.

Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

Description and recommended settings for the Remote Procedure Call service.

Task Scheduler

Description and recommended settings for the Task Scheduler service.

Protected Storage

Description and recommended settings for the Protected Storage service.

Configure and troubleshoot Print Spooler service

How to configure the priority and logging level of the Printer Spooler service.

Print Spooler

Description and recommended settings for the Print Spooler service.

Plug and Play

Description and recommended settings for the Plug and Play service.

NT LM Security Support Provider (SSP)

Description and recommended settings for the NT LM Security Support Provider service.

Network DDE DSDM

Description and recommended settings for the Network DDE DSDM service.

Network DDE

Description and recommended settings for the Network DDE service.

NET Logon

Description and recommended settings for the NET Logon service.

Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator

Description and recommended settings for the Remote Procedure Call Locator service.

Messenger

Description and recommended settings for the Messenger service.

License Logging Service

Description and recommended settings for the License Logging service.

Windows Event Log

Description and recommended settings for the Event Log service.

Directory Replicator / File Replication Service

Description and recommended settings for the File Replication service.

Alerter

Description and recommended settings for the Alerter service.

Computer Browser

Description and recommended settings for the Computer Browser service.

Workstation

Description and recommended settings for the Workstation service.

Clipbook

Description and recommended settings for the Clipbook service.

FAX

Description and recommended settings for the FAX service.

Load balancing over several Network Adapters

Configure how the TCP/IP should respond when multiple network adapters are installed.

Defrag hard disk partitions to speed up file operations

List of steps to perform before starting a file defragmentation on a hard disk partition.

Extend context menu with "Open with..." for all files

Configure the context-menu when right-clicking any file to show "Open with..."

Activate plug and play device detection in Windows NT4

Windows NT4 supports by default not plug and play devices, but Microsoft have created an unsupported driver.

Windows Explorer command line switches

Windows Explorer allows one to specify what folder to display when launched.

Restrict access to the OS/2 and POSIX subsystem

Disable legacy subsystems to prevent attackers from using these subsystems as base of attack.

Configure the memory usage of the Server service

Adjust the memory usage of the server service according to the server role.

Disable paging of drivers and kernel core

Prevent the Windows kernel core from being paged to disk.

Configue IDE ATA hard disk to use DMA transfer

How to configure Windows NT4 to use DMA for IDE ATA hard drives.

Defragmentation utilities to remove file fragmentation

Different utilities available to keep file fragmentation at a low level, and maintain good hard disk performance.

Configure the file system cache in Windows NT

How to configure memory size of the file cache for faster file operations.

Microsoft support tools and resource kits

Microsoft have created many utilities for management of the Windows NT operating system.

Configure the amount of memory that can be locked for I/O

Improve the performance of high speed I/O devices by allowing them to lock more memory for data transfers.

Specify the size of the 2nd level on the CPU

Windows has trouble with determining the size of the second level cache for older CPU's.

FAT32 file system driver for Windows NT4

SysInternals has created a FAT32 driver that allow one to mount and access FAT32 partitions.

Disable the automatic updating of file access time

Lower the disk activity by disabling the updating of when a file was last accessed.

Disable creation of DOS compatible 8.3 filename

Speed up the creation of new files by not creating a 8.3 filename for backward compatibility.

Enable the middle mouse button

How to enable the 3rd mouse button, so it can be used in applications and games.

Manage temporary files to minimize file fragmentation

How temporary files cause file fragmentation and different RAM disk options.

Configure the page file for best performance

Finding the the optimal size and location for the Windows swap file.

Apply the DirextX runtime installer after updating drivers

Update the DirectX runtime after installing new drivers to prevent conflicts.

Configure what fonts to load in memory

Uninstall unneeded fonts to speed up boot times and free memory.

Change the color of Blue Screen of Death (BSOD)

How to change the color of the BSOD to make it easier to read or just for fun.

Password recovery utilities for Windows NT

Utilities for offline editing of the password files to change the password, or perform recovery of the lost password.

Disable visual effects to make the desktop faster

Speed up the Windows experience by disabling unneeded visual effects.

Configure timeout for application termination

Change when an application is considered as deadlocked and should be terminated.

Windows 95 Power Toys

Power Toys are small utilities created by Microsoft to make life easier.

Update hardware drivers and firmware to improve stability

Description of how the drivers and firmware for the computer hardware should be updated to get the best performance.

Boot.ini switches used by the Boot Manager

Boot.ini is used by the Boot Manager to determine the installed operating systems and what startup settings to use.

Using "Send To" for easy access to useful actions

How to use the "Send To" feature to perform often used file operations.

Configure the Master File Table for the NTFS partitions

The Master File Table is the index for all files and directories placed on a ntfs partition and critical for ntfs performance.

Customize the right-click menu in Windows Explorer

Adding own actions to the context menu when right clicking a file in Windows Explorer.

Update Windows to improve security and fix errors

Description of how Microsoft Windows requires constant updating to get the best performance.

Change the source path for the install files in Windows NT

Configure the path to the location of the install files whether on CD-ROM or HDD.

Configure the cluster size of the hard disk partition

How to change the cluster size of a partition with description of the different filesystems and their limitations.