Note this operation cannot complete without the install CD. Therefore it is important to insert the install CD before launching the above command. If the install path have changed since the original install, then one have to change the source path so SFC can find the install files.
Note if having applied a service pack, but the contents of the ServicePackFiles folder has been deleted or moved, then it will ask you for a CD with the servicepack files. To correct this one should reapply the service pack.
Note sometimes the WinXP Home will ask for the WinXP Pro CD, but this is not problem as long the above condition have been met. Though it might require that one press Retry several times before the System File Checking begins.
Note if using Win2k with SP3 or less, then the /SCANNOW will not recognize hotfixes, so they have to be reapplied after running the scan or else you will be using mixed binaries with unpredictable results.
Note SFC only works when Windows File Protection (WFP) is running. Therefore if booting in Safemode or if WFP for some reason won't start, then SFC will fail with an error similar to this:
Note to see all options for the System File Checker:
Windows File Protection could not initiate a scan of protected system files.
The specific error code is 0x000006ba [The RPC server is unavailable.].
More Info MS KB296241
More Info MS KB222471
More Info MS KB310747
More Info MS KB900910
Related How to configure Windows File Protection